About  Elkton

Learn about our history.

Our History

Elkton (formerly Conrad’s Store) is an incorporated town in Rockingham County, Virginia, United States. It is included in the Harrisonburg, Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 2,042 at the 2000 census. Elkton was named for the Elk Run stream.

It is located along the south fork of the Shenandoah River at the intersections of east-west U.S. Route 33 and north-south U.S. Route 340. The town celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2008.


Conrads Store was a general store built by George Conrad about 1812. George Conrad was a son of Captain Stephen Conrad who served during the American Revolution. In 1816, Conrads Store became a United States post office with George Conrad as its first postmaster. During the American Civil War (1861–1865), Conrads Store operated as a Confederate post office. In September 1866, postal service was briefly discontinued at Conrads Store, and intermittently resumed and discontinued over the next decade until 1881 when the name, Elkton, was adopted as the name of new passenger station of the Shenandoah Valley Railroad. In January 1881, Elkton, Virginia was established as a post office. The Town of Elkton was officially incorporated on March 14, 1908.

An important building in the town’s history is the Jennings House. Built in 1840 by Dr. Samuel B. Jennings, the house was transformed into a hospital during the Civil War. The historic Jennings House was converted to house the local government. The town Christmas tree can be found across the street from the house.

Located on Rockingham Street, the Miller-Kite House was the headquarters of General Stonewall Jackson at the start of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign during the Civil War. Now the house is a town landmark and museum, housing many items from the war and some of Jackson’s personal belongings. In one of the second-story windows a cardboard cutout of the General watches the street. Many visitors report stories of ghosts or unusual behavior while in the house.


Elkton is located at 38°24’30?N 78°37’13?W? / ?38.40833°N 78.62028°W? / 38.40833; -78.62028 (38.408298, -78.620321)[3]. It is located on the northeast portion of Rockingham County, Virginia. Elkton is bordered by Page County to the north, the Blue Ridge Mountains to the east, the Massanutten Mountain range to the west, and the Merck manufacturing plant and Coors brewery and distribution center to the south. The Norfolk and Western Railroad, Route 33, and the South Fork of the Shenandoah River all cut through the town. The general area is agricultural, filled with farm lands and rural scenes.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km²), of which, 1.4 square miles (3.5 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (1.43%) is water.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,042 people, 862 households, and 555 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,485.4 people per square mile (575.5/km²). There were 919 housing units at an average density of 668.5/sq mi (259.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.49% White, 2.74% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.81% of the population.


Rockingham County Public Schools
Although under Virginia law, incorporated towns may operate their own schools, Elkton area schools are operated by Rockingham County Public Schools, a Virginia public school division.

Elkton has four public schools:

  • Elkton and Riverbend Elementary Schools
  • Elkton Middle School
  • (Elkton) East Rockingham High School

Elkton Elementary School was built in 1938 on West B Street to house Elkton High School, but its role changed when a new school was built. Elkton Middle School was originally Elkton High School, built in 1957 primarily for grades eight through twelve. Eventually grade eight was moved from the elementary school to the high school. Additions were built to the high school in 1967, building a ten-room annex for more classes; and the elementary school in 1972, replacing part of the original building.

In 1980, a new high school, Spotswood Senior High School (now Spotswood High School), was built for East Rockingham County, Virginia, combining Montevideo and Elkton High Schools. The new school, located in Penn Laird, Virginia and literally on the Massanutten Mountain, housed grades 10-12. Ninth grade was added for the 1984-85 school year.

Elkton Elementary School then housed a new grade—Kindergarten—through fifth grade. Elkton Middle had grades 6-9. Over the years, Elkton Elementary added programs such as Head Start for preschoolers. In the 1990s a baseball field, used for Elkton softball teams, was built next to the middle school. In the late 1990s, renovations were done to Elkton Elementary School, as a new playground was built specifically for the lower grades.

In 2001, more construction took place as the old playground, with original wooden trucks and sharp metal edges, were ripped out, replaced by softer and brighter rounded metallic structures. In 2005, more renovations were done to Elkton Middle School, such as changing the old band room into an addition to the cafeteria, building a new computer lab, and adding another gym separate from the main for public use, such as the Elkton Recreation League Basketball teams. In 2006 the fifth grade was moved from Elkton Elementary School to the middle school because of the extra space made by the renovations made in 2005. The fifth grade, although in the middle school, are still considered part of the elementary school.

Elkton Elementary School currently has five grades and numerous additional programs, such as Challenge (an organization where students are tested and the best and brightest are literally challenged and taught certain topics, i.e. the Mayan number system or a detailed description of the Chesapeake Bay), Head Start, and Speech Therapy. Elkton Middle School houses three grades and has extracurricular activities such as EMS Track, Girls and Boys 7th and 8th grade Basketball teams, 7th and 8th grade Cheerleading (by audition), a Cross Country team and an annual talent show.

The new Riverbend Elementary School opened its doors for the 2009-2010 School year, while constructions continues on the new East Rockingham(Elkton) High School was completed for the 2010-2011 school year.